A cystotomy is a surgical procedure for dogs in which an incision is made in the bladder. The most common objective of a cystotomy is the removal of urethral and bladder stones. Other times it can be used to help diagnose bladder tumors and repair ruptured bladders. If you believe your dog needs to undergo a cystotomy, our veterinarians at Pleasant Valley Veterinary Clinic in McMurray are ready to assist you.
Procedure & Complications
General anesthesia is required for cystotomy. Before surgery, bloodwork will be tested to assure your pet is healthy enough to undergo surgery. This also enables our veterinarian to determine the best anesthetic regimen.
At the beginning of the procedure, our veterinarian will make a small incision on your dog’s body. In a female dog, this incision will be on the rear of the abdomen. In a male dog, the incision is made on the side of the penis. Once the bladder has been located, stones will be removed if necessary.
Our veterinarian will analyze the stones other samples collected during the surgery. If a repair is needed, it will also take place during the surgery. Before finishing the procedure, our veterinarian will suture the bladder incision and flush the abdomen to make sure any urine that may have leaked into it during the surgery is removed. The incision is then closed.
After the Surgery
Pain killers are normally prescribed following a cystotomy. Antibiotics will also be prescribed if an infection is discovered. Anti-inflammatory medications are given for the first few days following surgery to ensure your pet’s comfort. After release from the animal hospital, you must restrict your pet’s activity to allow the incision to heal. Pet owners should be sure to keep their dog in the house and on a leash when going outside for two weeks following the cystotomy.
You may need to change your pet’s diet if your pet had bladder or urethra stones. The dietary modifications recommended by our veterinarians will vary based on your pet’s condition. You should also monitor your dog closely for any complications that may arise following surgery. Be sure to check the incision at least twice a day for any swelling, discharge, or redness.
Animal Hospital in McMurray, PA
For more information about cystotomy or to schedule an appointment with one of our veterinarians, contact Pleasant Valley Veterinary Clinic at (724) 941-5484.